Election war in Bengal go on
Politics in West Bengal is dominated by the following major political parties: the All India Trinamool Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Communist Party of India (Marxist), and the Indian National Congress . From a psephological prespective, West Bengal is a hold state where a winning party may continue to win for a considerable amount of time.
In 1977 the Left Front won the state assembly elections, and the state was ruled by communists and allied left groups till 2011. The erstwhile left front led West Bengal state government holds the Indian record for the longest period of governance.
From 1967 till 2011, Left parties had a firm control over the Bengal Politics. But In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, Left Front was defeated and Trinamool Congress won an absolute majority of seats. Mamata Banerjee, the leader of Trinamool Congress, became the chief minister. The success of Trinamool Congress was repeated in the 2013 Panchayat election (local government elections in rural areas, and some urban municipalities) and the 2014 Indian general election (in which Trinamool won 24 of 42 Lok Sabha constituencies in the state).
In the 2011 Assembly Election, the Trinamool Congress- Indian National Congress alliance won by a huge margin, 227 out of 294 seats with Mamata Banerjee becoming the first woman chief minister of West Bengal after 34 years of Communist rule.
During 2011 election, the main theme of TMC was paribartan (meaning “change”), implying it was time to change the Left Front reign of 34-years in the state. The election also marked the defeat of the longest-serving democratically elected Communist government in the world, ending the 34-year rule of the Left Front government, a fact that was noted by the international media.
In 2016 assembly elections, The All India Trinamool Congress under Mamata Banerjee won 211 seats out of 294 seats, and thus was re-elected with an enhanced majority. They also became the first ruling party to win without an ally since 1962 in West Bengal.
Now the elections are scheduled for the assembly in 2021. However, in the 2019 general elections the BJP won 18 of the 42 Lok Sabha seats, comparable to TMC’s 22 seats. It bagged 40 percent of the vote by raising allegations of appeasement politics against Mamata Banerjee.
So, there would be a tough fight between the AITC and BJP for the fight over the throne of Bengal. BJP has even started its campaign by conducting virtual rallies.